Chess History

Before you learn to play chess, you need to understand what they are.

Chess History

Like any game, it has its own compositional features. Let's just say these are the most basic and small basics for this game.

The first chess appeared in India
  • Most historians agree that the game was first created in northern India during the Gupta Empire in the VI century AD. This early type was known as the Sanskrit word Chaturanga.
    • The game was designed for the military. Gupt's chess pieces were divided according to the characteristics of their military units: infantry, cavalry, elephants and chariots. Over time, these elements outgrew with the usual names for us and with about the same images.
    • The earliest written evidence of chess is found in 3 romances (epic stories) written in Sassanian Persia in the 600s. The game was known as chatrang or shatranj.
    • When Persia was captured by Muslims, the game spread to the entire Muslim world. Muslim merchants brought the game to Russia and Western Europe. By the 11th century, it had spread throughout Europe. In the XIII century, the Spanish manuscript described the rules of the game of satran (chess), backgammon and dice.
    • The game has changed a lot between 1470 and 1495. The rules of the old game have been changed in the West. That is why some pieces had more features, and the game was more exciting.
    • The new game formed the basis of modern international chess. Chess researchers consider the innovations introduced by Western European chess players to be the most important change in the history of the game.

Video: the history of chess

Chess board consists of 64 flat squares.

Watch the video: History of Chess (November 2019).