Oral hygiene. Dental care and hygiene. Hygienic toothbrushing

Proper oral hygiene can reduce the risk of problems with teeth and gums. The importance of regular oral care is difficult to overestimate. In this article, you will learn how to do it right, what care procedures exist, and the most commonly used oral hygiene products.

Oral care

Oral care

In the process of human evolution, the teeth "learned" to withstand heavy loads. But, even this is not enough for them today.

Poor ecology, poor quality of drinking water and other problems adversely affect the condition of tooth enamel. Namely, she is the main protector of teeth from diseases and decay.

High-quality dental care consists in daily brushing and periodic visits to the dentist.

Proper oral hygiene is:
• Dental care with a brush and toothpaste. Twice a day;
• Cleaning teeth from food debris and plaque immediately after eating;
• Regular examination of the oral cavity and professional care in the dentist's office.

An important component of good oral hygiene is brushing your teeth. But, you need to not only brush your teeth regularly, but also do it right.

The toothbrush must be held at an angle of 45 degrees to the surface of the tooth. In addition, you must correctly move the toothbrush on the surface of the tooth. The bottom row is cleaned from bottom to top, and the top is vice versa. That is, the movement of the toothbrush should be from the gum to the surface of the tooth.

Teeth are cleaned in the following sequence: First, you need to brush them from the outside, then go to the inside, and finish brushing on the chewing surface of the tooth.

IMPORTANT: A minimum of ten brush strokes must be walked over each tooth.

Sealed teeth are the weakest, so they need to be paid more attention to brushing.

When brushing your teeth, you need to pay attention to the tongue. In addition, you need to massage the gums. In the morning, use a paste with a whitening effect, and in the evening use toothpaste on medicinal herbs.

After each meal, especially one that includes sweet dishes, it is necessary to clean the mouth of sugar residues. You can use chewing gum for this purpose. But, do not hold it in your mouth for a long time. Ten minutes is enough.

To clean the teeth of stuck pieces of food invented a special dental floss. She can also be used for oral care after eating.

Oral hygiene products

Oral hygiene products

The basis of oral hygiene is the cleaning of teeth from food debris. For this purpose, the following are used:
• Toothpaste;
• Toothbrush;
• dental floss;
• toothpicks;
• mouth rinse.

In order to take good care of your teeth, you must correctly choose the means for such care. Particular attention should be paid to the choice of toothbrush and toothpaste. The brush is selected according to the degree of rigidity. If you are afraid of injuring your teeth by choosing the wrong toothbrush, it is best to consult a dentist. The specialist will pick up this hygiene item based on an examination of your teeth. The same goes for toothpaste.

IMPORTANT: The selection of such hygiene products is best done in conjunction with your dentist.

Ultrasonic brushing

Ultrasonic brushing

Recently, the procedure of ultrasonic cleaning of teeth is very popular. With this hygienic procedure you can clean your teeth from dark plaque. Such plaque can be caused by the use of coffee, tea and smoking. But, even those people who do not abuse it, over time, their teeth may darken.

Unfortunately, dark plaque is not only a cause of deterioration in the appearance of teeth, but also a harbinger of tartar formation.

You can protect yourself from this problem with the help of ultrasonic brushing. Ultrasound removal of plaque and tartar is today the most effective brushing procedure. In any modern dental office there is an ultrasonic scaler, with the help of which such a procedure goes.

Removing plaque and tartar with such an instrument is a painless procedure. With the help of ultrasonic vibration acting on the teeth, it is possible to remove not only deposits visible to the eye, but also those that cannot be detected even with the help of special tools.

IMPORTANT: Ultrasound fights not only deposits and tartar, but also destroys bacteria harmful to the body.

With ultrasonic cleaning, the tooth enamel is absolutely not damaged. Moreover, having cleansed of deposits, tooth enamel better absorbs nutrients from toothpaste and food.

Oral treatment

Oral treatment

Unfortunately, it is not always possible to achieve oral health only with care and prevention. Sometimes you have to resort to treatment. Problems with teeth and gums can occur due to heredity, the use of various medications, spicy foods, alcohol and the development of various infectious diseases.
Oral disease is classified into:
• infectious and inflammatory;
• viral;
• fungal.
Infectious and inflammatory processes in the oral cavity include: pharyngitis (inflammation of the mucous membrane of the throat), glossitis (inflammation of the tongue), gingivitis (inflammation of the gums) and stomatitis (inflammation of the mucous membrane in the mouth). With the symptoms of these problems, it is necessary to get qualified help from specialists.
Viral diseases of the oral cavity include herpes and papillomas. It is completely impossible to get rid of these problems. With the help of therapeutic methods, the manifestation of these diseases can be eliminated.

IMPORTANT: Fungal diseases of the oral cavity can lead to candidiasis.

Oral candidiasis

Candidiasis of the oral cavity is a disease that is caused by the action of yeast-like fungi - saprophytes. As a result, a white coating appears on the mucous membrane of the oral cavity and tongue. Such a plaque usually does not cause pain. But, if it is not detected on time and treated, candidiasis can "grow" to other organs.

Candidiasis of the oral cavity can be caused by malnutrition, a decrease in the immune system, work in harmful working conditions, etc. Treatment of candidiasis of the oral cavity occurs with the help of various medications. The most popular of these are antifungal drugs like nystatin or levorin.

Caries prevention

Caries prevention

Caries is a slowly progressing pathological process of destruction of hard tissues of teeth. Translated from caries, Latin means "decay." Many experts consider dental caries this disease of the teeth to be the scourge of modern society. It is believed that the development of this disease was affected by a modern diet and low ecology.

Today it is believed that the worst factors affecting the development of caries are:
• Improperly balanced nutrition;
• The presence of harmful compounds in drinking water;
• Social and climatic conditions.

In order to reduce the development of caries, it is necessary to eat properly, use clean water for drinking and carry out regular oral care.

IMPORTANT: Often caries can be caused by excessive consumption of sweets between meals.

Remains of sugar on the teeth lead to the destruction of their enamel.

In order to prevent caries, you need to brush your teeth after eating, eat solid fruits and vegetables (they have a cleansing effect on the teeth) and increase the intake of fluoride-containing products. Fluoride is a mineral that is an effective weapon against tooth decay.

Professional oral hygiene

Professional oral hygiene

Professional oral hygiene is a set of measures aimed at caring for teeth and gums, carried out in specialized institutions. This procedure is carried out by periodontologists or dental hygienists.

At the initial appeal to specialists for professional oral hygiene, they will carry out an examination and determine the presence of problems associated with teeth and gums. Then, the dentist will develop a set of measures related to solving the identified problems.

Professional oral hygiene includes:
• Training in proper dental care;
• Selection of hygiene products;
• Cleaning teeth from deposits.
And other events.

In order to keep your teeth healthy and beautiful, you must regularly visit the dental office. A professional oral examination will help to identify most problems at an early stage. Which will greatly simplify their decision.
Be healthy!

Watch the video: Tips for good dental health (November 2019).