The article describes the causes of peeling of the skin of the child on the arms and legs, provides a list of diseases for which this symptom is characteristic, offers a number of recommendations for caring for dry, flaky skin.
The thickness of the skin of a child is less than that of an adult. In addition, children are more active and more susceptible and vulnerable to external stimuli. Often the epidermis becomes a reflection of the result of these influences, as well as internal processes occurring in the body.
Rash, redness, peeling, and other forms of reaction of the stratum corneum of the skin can be a cause for concern for many parents. Visible changes on the skin of a child can be both symptoms of various diseases, as well as a signal of a lack of vitamins, an allergic reaction, a skin feature of a particular child, etc.
Let us dwell in more detail on such a fairly common phenomenon as dryness, roughness and peeling of the skin on the hands and feet of a child.
Flaky skin in a newborn between fingers
Normally, the skin of a healthy person is distinguished by its integrity, uniformity, and the absence of rough or discolored spots, pimples, pustules, etc. However, the baby just born is an exception. The first time a newborn child goes through a period of adaptation to new conditions: temperature, humidity, etc. Therefore, the presence of dry patches and excessive peeling of the skin is a completely natural and temporary phenomenon.
You can notice erythema in a baby just a few days after birth. Most often, born-over children face this. In addition to profuse peeling, which usually occurs between the fingers, behind the ears or on the bend of the limbs, you can notice redness, as well as toxic erythema in the form of yellowish-white pimples. After a few weeks, everything goes away on its own and does not require special measures.
If after a month the skin is still clouding, or new symptoms appear, it is worthwhile to seek medical advice.
What are the signs and symptoms of a disease when the skin is covered?
Intensive epidermal cell renewal, externally manifested in the form of peeling, is a symptom of a huge number of diseases. An approximate list of the most common of them:
It is characteristic for the winter and spring period, when due to natural reasons, a deficiency of nutrients can be observed in the child's body. As a manifestation, the child has skin on his fingers
• Allergic manifestations
Peeling of the skin can be a sign of atopic and contact dermatitis, chronic eczema and other allergic reactions.
• Disorders of the digestive tract
Pancreas problems, intestinal dysfunction (dysbiosis) can affect the skin condition and lead to excessive peeling
• Fungal diseases
Caused by parasitic fungi, which often affect the nails, the areas between the fingers and the sole of the foot. The main sign of the disease is the presence of scales, expressions and cracks in the skin.
Noncommunicable disease, manifested in the form of red flaky spots, accompanied by itching. Most often, characteristic plaques are localized on the elbows, knees, in the scalp
• The presence of worms
Roughness and redness of the skin can be one of a number of symptoms of infection with worms.
A genetic congenital disease, the symptoms of which are in most cases visible to the naked eye: excessively dry skin, visually resembling fish scales
• Scarlet fever
Infectious disease caused by streptococcus. The patient has a high temperature of up to 39 ° C and an itchy rash throughout the body. After a few days, abundant peeling can be noticed, in particular, the skin on the palms is very clouded
A parasitic disease caused by scabies mite. Very severe itching is characteristic, aggravating in the evening and at night, the presence of scabies, outwardly appearing in the form of red nodules. Signs of the disease can be found on the buttocks, abdomen, arms, etc. Can cling to fingertips
IMPORTANT: In case of a serious illness, peeling of the skin is not the only symptom, therefore it is difficult to miss.
Skin of the child - rough skin, skin rashes in children
In the absence of other symptoms, excessively dry skin and peeling in a child may indicate:
- lack of vitamins
- adverse climatic conditions
- allergic dermatitis
- If you began to observe that the baby’s skin becomes dry and rough in the winter or early spring, most likely, the body signals a lack of vitamins A and E. To compensate for the deficiency of nutrients, add foods rich in these vitamins to the child’s diet
Products containing vitamins A:
- fish fat
- apricots, peaches
- Red pepper
Products containing Vitamins E:
- whole grain
- sunflower seeds
- olive, linseed oil
IMPORTANT: These vitamins are absorbed only with sufficient intake of fats in the body. Therefore, ensure that your child consumes the required amount of oil.
- Very often, peeling of the skin can be very dry air and insufficient humidity. This is typical for the period when heating appliances are working in the houses. If the baby’s skin becomes dry and clings during this period, you should take care to create a favorable microclimate: ventilate the room, use a humidifier or hang wet towels / sheets in the child’s room to increase humidity
- In addition, the external factor that can cause peeling of the skin is the effect of cold and wind. In this case, hands or face usually suffer. To solve the problem, you should use a special baby cream before going out for a walk, and also put on warm mittens
- Often peeling of the skin is a symptom of an allergy. This can be either a food allergy, or a reaction to household cosmetics, medicines, etc. In this case, peeling is accompanied by signs such as a rash, redness, roughness
Rough spots on the body of a child
- The appearance of rough patches of skin is a fairly common occurrence among children in the first three years of life. If you find rough spots with a small reddish rash on your baby’s body, you’re most likely dealing with atopic dermatitis.
- At the same time, in the morning the field of sleep, the rash may be invisible and only by touch can you find dry, rough skin. The appearance of spots on different parts of the body, often on the cheeks, arms or legs. During exacerbations, in particular in winter, spots become irritated, red and convex
- The cause of atopic dermatitis can be a hereditary immune system that responds to allergens in food and the environment, as well as a genetic predisposition to dry skin
- Atopic skin needs special care and hydration. In addition, an important role is played by the need to exclude allergen, diet and careful selection of cosmetics, clothing and everything that comes into contact with the skin of a child
More information about atopic dermatitis can be found in the article Diet for atopic dermatitis in a child. Modern and alternative treatment of atopic dermatitis in children
Rough or dry skin can also be the result of dry air, chlorinated water, abuse of decoctions of herbs when bathing, lack of moisture in the body, etc.
Baby's body - white spots, red spots, skin rashes
Possible diseases, the symptoms of which are White spots:
- Pityriasis versicolor
Fungal disease of the epidermis. At the first stages, it manifests itself in the form of scaly spots of a pinkish color, and when exposed to sunlight, the spots become more noticeable and acquire a white color. Usually the place of localization is the neck, chest, shoulders, back.
Among the causes of such unaesthetic spots:
- excessive sweating
- hormonal changes (characteristic of adolescents)
- poor hygiene
This disease does not pose a danger. The main thing is to consult a dermatologist in time, who will prescribe the appropriate antifungal ointment.
It is a disease associated with a violation of pigmentation of the skin, as a result of which there are clear white heels that can peel off. Most often, this ailment is hereditary. In addition, the disease can develop after an infection, due to disturbances in the functioning of the nervous, endocrine system, with autoimmune diseases
Red spots occur on the body much more often and in most cases are not symptoms of serious illness. However, the causes of redness may be:
- insect bites
- infectious diseases (measles, chickenpox, scarlet fever, rubella)
Redness, as a rule, does not occur on its own without other symptoms. Except in cases when it comes to temporary redness during crying, overheating, nervous experiences. In other cases, red spots are accompanied by additional symptoms. Most often, this is a rash, itching, peeling, depending on the combination of which one can suspect the presence of a particular disease.
- Rashes in children, especially at an early age - a frequent occurrence. For young children, redness combined with a rash may indicate the presence of diaper rash, diaper rash, or allergies
- Sweating and diaper rash are characterized by wet red spots in the folds of the skin that occur as a result of excessive overheating of the child, poor hygiene
- If redness + rash + peeling occurs, the vast majority are symptoms of allergies, which the child can outgrow.
In older children (after a year), rashes on the body can be the result of infectious diseases, each of which has its own symptoms and requires timely diagnosis by the attending physician
Child's legs - the child has skin on his leg, what should I do?
If you notice that on the baby’s toes or between the skin the skin is peeling and clinging, the probable reasons could be:
- low-quality shoes
For the initial diagnosis, you can take the following actions:
- pay attention to the presence of other symptoms: dryness on other parts of the body, the presence of itching, etc.
- check if the child’s foot is in the shoes
- provide proper skin hydration
- adjust your diet
If peeling does not cause discomfort in the child, and there are no other signs indicating a possible disease, then following the above recommendations will help restore the integrity of the skin.
If the problem could not be solved, you need to contact a pediatrician to find out the reason.
Closes the skin on the fingers of a child - drugs, medicine
If the child is the owner of dry, flaky skin, you should pay increased attention to her care. An important principle should be the hydration and nutrition of dry skin, as well as a comprehensive treatment of the body from the inside.
Among the drugs for local treatment, ointments are used:
Apply the ointment 2-3 times a day on dry skin.
IMPORTANT: Do not use hormonal ointments to treat flaky skin in the absence of an appropriate doctor's prescription.
- For the treatment of atopic dermatitis, various emollients are used (for a Rosh pose, Lipicar, Aven tricksera, Topicrem, Stelatopia mustela, Atoderm bioderma, etc.)
- When diagnosing the allergic nature of skin peeling, antihistamines (fenistil, suprastin, zirtec) are also used.
- For additional skin nutrition, vitamin complexes are prescribed (Aevit, Multitabs)
IMPORTANT: Before using drugs, you must make the correct diagnosis. In particular, if a symptom other than peeling and dry skin occurs, you should definitely contact a pediatrician, who, in turn, after examination and according to the results of the tests, will refer the child to a dermatologist, allergist or other specialist for appropriate treatment.
From the inside, the body should be enriched with food containing omega-3 fatty acids (fatty varieties of fish), vitamins A and E, as well as additional fluid.
Peeling legs, toes, peeling off hands - tips and reviews
- Find out the reason and, if necessary, take a course of treatment
- Do not bathe your baby in hot water
- Avoid frequent water treatments (chlorinated water dries the skin)
- Do not use soap, even baby soap. For dry flaky skin there are special moisturizers for bathing
- Maintain a sufficient level of humidity in the room (40-60%)
- Keep your child away from wool, synthetics and other non-natural fabrics.
- Double rinse your baby’s clothes and bedding
- Moisturize your skin with hypoallergenic creams or lotions (based on coconut oil, sea buckthorn, jojoba oil, etc.)
- Keep an eye on your baby’s diet
- Offer your child more fluid
Do not be afraid that the skin may peel and peel. Epithelial cells are updated every day. In the absence of other symptoms, this does not signal serious problems, but only requires nutritional adjustment and additional care.